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AGRICULTURE

Since 1991 Slovenia has been an independent democratic state with a parliamentary system. On 1 May 2004 Slovenia became a full member of the European Union while on 1 January 2007 it introduced the euro as its currency and thus entered the European Monetary Union.

 

According to data of the 2010 Agriculture Census there were 74,646 agricultural holdings in Slovenia in 2010. They used 474,432 hectares of agricultural area and bred 421,553 LSU (livestock units). In 2010 almost 79% of agricultural holdings in Slovenia bred livestock.

 

An average agricultural holding thus used 6.4 hectares of agricultural area and bred 5.6 LSU. Total labour input into agriculture in Slovenia, expressed in annual work units (AWU), was 77,012 AWU or 0.16 AWU per hectare of utilised agricultural area in 2010.

 

Animals were bred on 58,648 agricultural holdings. Cattle was bred on 36,119 agricultural holdings, pigs on 26,441, poultry on 36,240, horses on 5,948, sheep on 6,181, goats on 4,214 and rabbits on 8,051 agricultural holdings in 2010. There were also 2,392 agricultural holdings engaged in beekeeping.

 

In 2010 more than 474,430 hectares of agricultural land were used. This represents 0.6% of the territory of Slovenia.

 

In 2010 there were more than 62,830 agricultural holdings which owned forest.

 

In 2010, more than 208,000 persons were engaged in agricultural activity, including agricultural enterprises and family farms. Their labour input, including those who worked seasonally or occasionally, was 77,012 annual work units (1 AWU = 1,800 hours per year). Even for those who represent regular labour on family farms, agricultural work often represents a secondary activity or help to other family members. For only 58,000 people working in agricultural enterprises or on family farms, agriculture was the activity on which in 2010 they spent 50% or more AWU. Among these there were about 32,300 persons who belong to the category of persons with the labour input from 0.75 up to and including 1 AWU and represent basic labour force in agriculture in Slovenia. The average value of AWU per agricultural holding in 2010 was 1.03 AWU. The average value of AWU per hectare of utilized agricultural area in 2010 0.16 AWU.

 

On Slovenian family farms other gainful activities are also traditionally present; they are mostly performed by the same persons who are the labour force in agriculture. In 2010, more than 43,000 family farms were engaged in forestry activities, representing about 3,260 AWU.

 

For around 9,000 family farms, which spent more than 1,480 AWU for forestry activities, this activity represented the additional income, so they are included in the group of holdings which in 2010 carried out a gainful activity. In addition to forestry, the most common gainful activities on Slovenian family farms are tourism, wood processing, fruit and vegetables processing, and other activities related to food processing such as wine production. The scope of work in gainful activities on family farms in 2010 reached 1,700 AWU (excluding forestry as a gainful activity); together with forestry as a gainful activity the figure is 3,180 AWU.

 

The average age of the managers of family farms is 57 years. Female managers represent 27% of all managers. Managers on family farms performed 45% of total labour input in agriculture. More than 43% of them have only elementary education and they carried out more than 20% of total labour input in agriculture in Slovenia.

 

Agricultural holdings in Slovenia in 2010 reached a total standard output of more than EUR 915 million, which is an average of EUR 12,260 per holding, or almost EUR 11,900 per one AWU. Agricultural holdings were the most numerous in the lower classes of economic size - up to EUR 8,000 (69% of all holdings), but these holdings utilised a smaller part of agricultural area (33%) and bred a smaller part of livestock (less than 20% of LSU) with respect to the entire country.

 

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia - publication: The 2010 Agricultural Census - Every Farm Counts!